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Phrasal Verbs with Prepositions and Nouns: Short List 2

Verbs, with definitions Examples Translation
insist on something - to demand He insists on selling the house. настаивать на чем-то
introduce someone to someone - to present someone to other people She introduced him to her friends. представить кого-то кому-то
invest something in something - to put in (money, hopes, work, time) He invested a lot of money, time and effort in this business. вложить (деньги, работу, время и т.д.) во что-то
invite someone to something - to ask to come as a guest They invited me to dinner. They invited us to the wedding. пригласить кого-то на что-то
judge by something - to form an opinion on the basis of something Judging by the look of the house, nobody lives in it. Don't judge a book by its cover! судить, оценивать по / на основании чего-то
knock at / on (the door, wood) - to beat lightly on something Somebody is knocking on the door. Knock on wood to ward off bad luck. постучать по чему-то (в дверь, по дереву)
lag behind someone - to be behind others in something The little boy lagged behind the older boys. He is lagging behind the other students. быть позади, отставать от кого-то
laugh at - 1. to laugh (at a funny joke); 2. to make fun of someone /something 1. We all laughed at his jokes. 2. The boys laughed at the new boy. They laughed at his accent. 1. смеяться над (шуткой); 2. высмеивать кого-то / что-то
lead to something - 1. to guide to someone / something; 2. to result in something 1. He led us to the director's office. This road leads to a nice lake. 2. His carelessness led to a tragic accident. привести к чему-то (буквально / фигурально)
leave for (some place) - 1. to go to (a place); 2. to abandon one thing and start another The train leaves for Paris at 6 o'clock. He left his wife for a younger woman. He left his job for a sailing expedition. отбыть в (какое-то место); уйти от кого-то / чего-то к кому-то / чему-то, покинуть ради
leave from (some place) - to depart from (some place) The train leaves from Rome at 6:30. отбыть из (какого-то места)
leave something to someone - to give something to someone (as inheritance or for work) She left the house to her son. Leave it to me, I'll do it. Leave this task to Jim. оставить что-то кому-то (в наследство или для выполнения)
lend something to someone - to give something to someone on the condition of returning it I lent 50 dollars to a friend of mine till Saturday. дать взаймы что-то кому-то
listen to someone / something - 1. pay attention by listening; 2. to obey 1. Listen to the teacher. He is listening to music. 2.You should listen to your parents. 1. слушать кого-то / что-то; 2. слушаться кого-то
live on something - 1. to live on a certain street; 2. to live on certain food; 3. to live on certain income 1. She lives on Baker Street. 2. She lives on apples, bread and cheese. 3. She lives on 500 dollars a month. 1. жить на такой-то улице; 2. жить на такой-то еде; 3. жить на такие-то средства
long for something - to desire, want very much He longed for a real friend, but was always alone. очень сильно желать чего-то
look after someone / something - to watch, take care of someone /something A babysitter looks after the children when their mother is at work. Who looks after this garden? присматривать за кем-то / чем-то
look at someone / something - 1. to take a look at someone / something; 2. to consider something 1. He looked at her for a long time. What are you looking at? 2. I'll look at your report tomorrow. 1. смотреть, посмотреть на кого-то / что-то; 2. рассмотреть, посмотреть что-то
look for someone / something - to search for someone / something I'm looking for Tom Brown. What are you looking for? искать что-то / кого-то
look into something - to examine, investigate something The police are looking into the matter. You should look into this problem. исследовать, изучать, расследовать что-то
look out of (the window) - to look outside He looked out of the window. выглянуть из (окна)
look over / through something - to examine, go over, go through something Look over your notes before the test. изучить, просмотреть что-то
make from - to produce, to create something from something She made a summer dress from a length of silk. Butter is made from milk. сделать что-то из чего-то
be made of - to be made up of some material This ring is made of gold. This dress is made of silk. быть сделанным из, состоять из какого-то материала
mark with something - to make more visible Mark mistakes with a red pencil. помечать, отмечать чем-то
move into (a house) - to begin to reside in (a house) They've just moved into a new house. въехать в (квартиру, дом)
move to (another city, house) - to change the place of living They moved to another house last year. переехать в (другой город, дом)
name someone after someone - to name in honor of someone He was named after his famous uncle. They named their son after his uncle. назвать в честь кого-то
object to something - to be against something He objected to her going there alone. возражать против чего-то
offer (a certain sum) for something - to intend to give for something How much do they offer for the house? They offer 50,000 dollars for it. предлагать (определенную сумму) за что-то
offer something to someone - to intend to give to someone They offered 50,000 dollars to her mother. предлагать кому-то
open with something - 1. to open with a tool; 2. to start with 1. He opened the door with a key. 2. The director opened the meeting with a joke. 1. открыть инструментом; 2. открыть / начать с чего-то
owe for something - to have to pay for something How much do I owe you for the book? должен за что-то
owe to someone - 1. have to pay back to someone; 2. to feel indebted to someone / something 1. He owes $15,000 to the law company that represented him. 2. He owes his success in life to his family and to his hard work. 1. быть в долгу / должен кому-то; 2. быть обязанным кому-то / чему-то
pass by someone / something - to go past, go by someone / something She passed by me without saying hello. пройти мимо кого-то / чего-то
pay for something - to give money for something How much did you pay for this bag? платить за что-то
point at someone - to direct (a finger, gun) to someone Don't point at people! He pointed a gun at him. указывать на кого-то, направлять на кого-то
prefer (one thing) to (another) - to like one thing more than the other thing I prefer this song to that one. I prefer tea to coffee. предпочесть одно другому
prevent someone from doing something - to stop someone from doing something How can I prevent him from making this terrible mistake? His illness prevented him from coming to the meeting. предотвратить, не допустить, чтобы кто-то сделал что-то
provide with something - to give, supply with He provided us with information, food and money for our trip. снабжать, обеспечить чем-то
pull into something - 1. to drag into; 2. to come to some place (about a vehicle) 1. They pulled him into a car and drove off. 2. The bus is pulling into the station. 1. втащить, втянуть в; 2. подъезжать к какому-то месту (о транспорте)
pull out of something - 1. take out of; 2. to leave (about a vehicle) 1. He pulled a wallet out of his pocket. 2. The bus is pulling out of the station now. 1. вытащить что-то из чего-то; 2. отъезжать от (о транспорте)
push someone into something - to make someone get in They pushed him into a car and drove off. втолкнуть во что-то
reach for something - to stretch one's hand to get something He reached for the vase on the shelf above. She reached for her bag. потянуться за чем-то, достать до чего-то
rely on someone / something - to count on, depend on someone / something You can always rely on him. You can always rely on his help. полагаться на кого-то / что-то
remind of something - to help to remember This town reminds me of my hometown. She reminded me of / about my promise. напоминать что-то / о чем-то
remove something from (a place) - to take away from (a place) Please remove your books from the table. I removed the stains from your shirt. убрать что-то с чего-то
replace someone / something with someone / something Tom is sick, we will replace him with Jim. He replaced the old pipe with a new one. заменить кого-то / что-то кем-то / чем-то
report on something - to give information on something He reported on the current situation. делать доклад о чем-то
report something to someone - to inform someone about something He reported her absence to the boss. доложить о ком-то / чем-то кому-то
run across - to meet or find by chance I ran across an old friend yesterday. I ran across her old photo in that book. случайно встретить, наткнуться на кого-то / что-то
run for - 1. run to get something; 2. to try to get a position of 1. Run for help! Run for cover! 2. He is going to run for President. 1. бежать за (помощью); 2. баллотироваться в
run into someone - to meet by chance I ran into an old friend yesterday. случайно встретить кого-то
run out of something - 1. to run outside; 2. to end (about supplies) 1. He ran out of the house. 2. We've run out of sugar. We are running out of time. 1. выбежать из (здания); 2. закончиться (о запасах)
run to - 1. to go to someone for help or advice; 2. to come to the amount 1. She always runs to him for help. 2. The bill ran to $300. 1. обращаться к кому-то за помощью, советом 2. достигать (о сумме, числе)
save (something) for someone / something - to preserve, put aside for future use Save this wine for next week. We have to save money for Mike's education. He's saving for a new computer. сохранять, сберегать, копить для кого-то / чего-то
save someone from something - to rescue someone from danger, harm, failure, loss, etc. The man saved the boy from drowning. We can't save him from his own foolishness. спасти кого-то от чего-то
say something about something - to express an opinion about something What can you say about his new book? They didn't say much about it. выразить мнение о ком-то / чем-то
search for someone / something - to look for someone / something He is searching for eternal beauty. The police are searching the suburbs for the missing boy. искать, разыскивать что-то / кого-то
see through something - to see what is behind something I can't see through this glass. We saw through his clever plan. видеть насквозь (букв. / фигур.)
shout at someone - to yell at someone Don't shout at children. кричать на кого-то
speak about something - to talk about something He spoke about the necessity of reforms. говорить о ком-то / чем-то
speak to / with someone - talk to / with someone She is speaking with / to her friend right now. Who do you want to speak to? говорить с, разговаривать с, поговорить с
spend (money, time) on something How much time did you spend on this report? How much money do you spend on food? тратить (деньги, время) на что-то
stand by someone / something - to support, be loyal to someone She stood by him in everything he did. He stood by his decision despite her protest. поддерживать, быть верным кому-то / чему-то
stand for something - to symbolize, mean What does the letter Q in IQ stand for? символизировать, означать
start with something - to begin with something Start with Chapter 3. начать с чего-то
stay at (some place) - to live at some place for a while We stayed at the Sheraton Hotel. I stayed at my sister's for 2 weeks. остановиться пожить в каком-то месте, погостить у кого-то
stay with someone - to be with someone, visit with someone Stay with me for an hour. He stayed with us for Christmas. побыть с кем-то / у кого-то, погостить у кого-то
stop at - to stop at a certain place He stopped at the red traffic light. He will stop at nothing! We stopped at my sister's. остановиться около чего-то / перед чем-то / у кого-то
stop someone from doing something - to prevent someone from doing something How can I stop him from making this terrible mistake? остановить кого-то, чтобы не сделал что-то
take after someone - to resemble one's parents in character or looks He takes after his father in appearance. She takes after her mother in character. походить на родителей характером или внешне
take someone for someone - to confuse someone with someone else Sorry, I took you for your sister. Who do you take me for? принимать кого-то за кого-то
talk about something - to speak about something What are you talking about? говорить / разговаривать о чем-то
talk someone into something - to persuade into doing something He talked her into selling the house. уговорить кого-то сделать что-то
talk someone out of something - to persuade someone out of doing something He talked her out of selling the house. отговорить кого-то от чего-то
talk to / with someone - to speak to / with someone She is talking with /to her friend right now. говорить с, разговаривать с, поговорить с
tell someone about something - to inform someone about something He told me about your plans. сообщить кому-то о чем-то
tell by something - to judge by something I could tell by his voice that he was scared. узнать, определить по чему-то
thank someone for something - to say thank you She thanked him for his help. Thank you for telling me about it. благодарить кого-то за что-то
think about / of someone / something I have never thought about it before. думать о ком-то / чем-то
touch on something - to mention as a subject We touched on many questions briefly. коснуться (вопроса)
translate something into (another language) Translate this passage into English. перевести на (другой язык)
translate something from (another language) This passage was translated from German. перевести с (другого языка)
turn around (the corner) - to go around (the corner) He turned around the corner and went down the street to the bank. повернуть за (угол)
turn into someone / something - to change into someone / something He turned into a monster. He was turned into a stone. превратить в кого-то / что-то
turn to someone / something - to move and face someone / something Turn to me, please. He turned to the window and didn't answer. повернуться к кому-то / чему-то
vote for someone / something - to vote in favor of someone / something Five members voted for the candidate. Did you vote for the new plan or against it? голосовать за кого-то / что-то
vote against someone / something - to oppose someone / something One member voted against the resolution. голосовать против кого-то / чего-то
wait for someone / something I waited for the bus for 20 minutes. ждать кого-то / что-то
warn about something - to advise about (risk, danger, etc.) He warned me about the danger there. He warned you about the boss's temper. предостеречь о чем-то
warn against something - to advise to avoid something He warned me against going there alone. предостеречь от чего-то
wonder about something - to think about something with curiosity or trying to understand I am still wondering about his behavior at the meeting. I wonder about the origin of this problem. размышлять над чем-то (с любопытством или пытаясь понять)
wonder at something - to admire, marvel at or be surprised by something I wondered at his strength and composure in such a difficult situation. восхищаться чем-то, удивляться чему-то
work at - 1. to have a job at some place; 2. work at / work on - to work (hard) on something 1. He works at a bank. She works at IBM. 2. Work at your pronunciation. He is still working on his new novel. 1. работать в (каком-то месте); 2. работать (серьезно) над чем-то
work for - 1. to work for an employer; 2. to get a certain pay for work 1. He works for IBM. He works for a newspaper. 2. He agreed to work for $2,000 a month. He works for free. 1. работать на кого-то; 2. работать за определенную оплату
work in (some place) - to have a job at some place He works in a bank. She works in a restaurant. иметь работу в каком-то месте
worry about someone / something - to feel concerned about someone / something She worries about her son. She is worried about her son. What are you worrying about? Don't worry about money. беспокоиться о ком-то / чем-то
write about something or someone - to describe in writing He wrote an article about his trip to Spain. In his letter, he writes about an old friend of his who lives in our city. написать о чем-то / ком-то
write to someone - to address letters to someone She wrote a letter to the manager. написать кому-то
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