|Verbs, with definitions
|account for something - to explain the reason of something
||How can you account for your absence at the meeting?
||объяснить причину чего-то|
|account to someone - to provide a report on money spending to someone
||You will account to the Finance Director for the money you spend.
||отчитываться перед кем-то за денежные траты|
|accuse someone of something - to charge someone with something wrong (e.g. a crime, an offense)
||He was accused of murder. They accused him of murder. He was accused of stealing the money.
||обвинить кого-то в чем-то плохом (в преступлении, в совершении проступка)|
|add something to something - to put something together with something else
||She added a little milk to coffee. Add two to three - how much do you get?
||добавить, прибавить что-то к чему-то|
|agree about / on something - to have the same opinion about something as someone else
||They agree about everything. They don't always agree on the way children should be raised.
||соглашаться (друг с другом) по каким-то вопросам|
|agree with someone / something - to have the same opinion as someone else
||I don't agree with you about it. I don't agree with your plan.
||соглашаться с кем-то / чем-то|
|answer for something - to be responsible for one's actions
||He will have to answer for what he has done.
||отвечать за действия|
|apply for something - to make an application or request for something
||He applied for the position of a sales representative. I want to apply for a job.
||подать заявление с просьбой о чем-то (например, о приеме на работу)|
|approve of something - to be in favor of something
||Her father doesn't approve of her boyfriend. Her mother doesn't approve of smoking.
||одобрять кого-то / что-то|
|argue about something - to disagree or quarrel about something
||What are they arguing about? He is always arguing about something.
||спорить о чем-то, ссориться о чем-то|
|argue with someone - to quarrel with someone
||Stop arguing with me!
||спорить, ссориться с кем-то|
|arrive in (some city) - to come to some city, usually by transportation
||They arrived in London by train yesterday. We arrived in Chicago in the evening.
||прибыть в какой-то город, обычно транспортом|
|ask about someone / something - to ask for information about someone or something
||He asked me about my relatives. He asked me about my future plans.
||спросить о ком-то / чем-то|
|ask for something - to request something
||He asked for a cup of coffee. He asked for a permission to leave.
||попросить о чем-то|
|be above someone / something - to be higher than (literally and figuratively)
||The painting is above the mantelpiece. The Financial Director is above the Financial Manager. The weight of this box is above 100 kilos. He is above suspicion.
||быть выше кого-то / чего-то (буквально и в переносном смысле)|
|be after - to be later than the specified hour
||It was after 11 at night. It is 10 (minutes) after 5.
||быть позже какого-то часа|
|be against something - to oppose something
||I am against your plan.
||быть против чего-то|
|be into something - to be interested in something
||He is into computers. She is into jazz.
||интересоваться, увлекаться чем-то|
|be out of something - not to have
||We are out of sugar. We are out of time.
||закончиться (о запасах, времени)|
|begin with something - to start with something
||Begin with Chapter 3.
||начать с чего-то|
|believe in someone / something - to have faith in someone / something
||He believes in you. She believes in justice for all.
||верить в кого-то / что-то|
|belong to someone - to be property of someone
||This house belongs to his son. This bag belongs to me.
|blame someone for something - to say that someone is responsible for something wrong
||She blamed him for the loss of her bag. He is to blame for this terrible mistake.
||винить кого-то в чем-то / за что-то плохое|
|borrow something from someone - to take and have to give back / pay back
||I borrowed 50 dollars from Tom. I borrowed a bicycle from Kate.
||одолжить что-то у кого-то|
|break into (a house) - to get in by force
||They broke into the house at night.
||вломиться силой в (дом)|
|call someone at (this telephone number) - to dial the number and speak to someone
||Call me at 555-3246.
||позвонить кому-то по какому-то номеру телефона|
|care about someone / something - 1. to like; 2. to be interested in something
||1. He cares about his little sister. 2. I don't care about your opinion.
||1. любить кого-то /что-то; 2. интересоваться чем-то|
|care for someone / something - 1. to like; 2. to want; 3. to look after someone / something
||1. He cares for his little sister. 2. Do you care for a drink? 3. Will you care for my cat while I'm away?
||1. любить кого-то / что-то; 2. хотеть чего-то; 3. присмотреть за, позаботиться о ком-то / чем-то|
|change something for something - to exchange for, trade for something
||Can I change this bag for that one? Could I change these dollars for euros, please?
||обменять что-то на что-то|
|1. change into something - to put on a new set of clothes; 2. change into someone / something - to turn into, to convert into someone / something different
||1. I need to change into warmer clothes. 2. The little boy in the fairy tale was changed into a monster. I'd like to change these dollars into pounds, please.
||1. переодеться в другую одежду; 2. превратить кого-то / что-то в кого-то / что-то другое|
|charge for something - to ask as a price for service or goods
||How much do you charge for a single room?
||просить цену за услуги или товары|
|check (new words) in / with a dictionary / reference book
||Check this word in the dictionary. You'd better check this information in an encyclopedia.
||проверить (новые слова и др.) в словаре, справочнике|
|check into (a hotel, a hospital) - to register at arrival
||We checked into a hotel at night. She checked into a hospital 2 days ago.
||регистрироваться при размещении (в гостинице, больнице)|
|check out of (a hotel) - to pay the bill and leave (the hotel)
||I checked out of the hotel at noon.
||выписаться из (гостиницы)|
|come across something - to find by chance
||Yesterday I came across an interesting article on vegetarian cooking.
||наткнуться на (информацию, статью и т.д.)|
|come from (some place) - to be from (some place)
||He comes from a small town in France.
||быть родом из (какого-то места)|
|come into (some place) - to enter
||Mary came into the room.
||войти в (какое-то место)|
|come to something - to reach (place, result, position, state, etc.)
||She came to Moscow yesterday. The bill comes to $50. The struggle came to an end in July. The military came to power in 1978. He fainted, but quickly came to himself / to his senses.
||прийти к (какому-то месту, результату, положению и т.д.)|
|comment on something - to give one's opinion about something
||He commented on the current situation.
|compare someone / something with someone / something - to examine to see the difference or similarity
||Compare this car with that car. This writer is often compared with Leo Tolstoy.
||сравнить кого-то / что-то с кем-то / чем-то, чтобы увидеть разницу или сходство|
|complain about something - to be dissatisfied with something
||She is always complaining about her job. She complained about her noisy neighbor.
||жаловаться о / на что-то / кого-то|
|complain to someone - to report a complaint to somebody
||Complain to the manager (about it). Complain to the police about his actions.
|concentrate (something) on something - to give full attention to something
||They concentrated their efforts on getting the contract. I am trying to concentrate on my work.
||концентрироваться (что-то) на чем-то|
|congratulate someone on something - to express praise to someone for success in something
||I congratulated him on his new job. He congratulated her on her excellent exam results.
||поздравить кого-то с чем-то / по случаю чего-то успешного|
|connect to - to join two things together
||Are you connected to the Internet? Can you connect me to Mr. Cole?
||подсоединить к чему-то, соединять с чем-то / кем-то|
|connect with - 1. to have a connection with; 2. to join two things together
||1. This bank is connected with several big banks. Her work is connected with music. 2. Can you connect me with Mr. Cole?
||1. иметь связь с чем-то; 2. соединять с чем-то / кем-то|
|consent to something - to agree to something
||Her father consented to her marriage.
||дать согласие на что-то|
|consist of - to be composed of (parts, ingredients)
||Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen. The book consists of 5 chapters.
||состоять из (частей, ингредиентов)|
|contribute something to something - to give (money, time, etc.)
||He contributed a lot of money, time and effort to this research.
||делать вклад во что-то|
|correspond with someone - to be in correspondence with
||He corresponds with many famous people.
||переписываться с кем-то|
|count on someone - to depend / rely on someone
||You can always count on me for help.
||рассчитывать на кого-то|
|count to (some number) - to count
||Close your eyes and count to 10.
||считать до (какого-то числа)|
|dedicate something to someone / something - 1. to devote one's time to someone / something; 2. to do something in honor of someone
||1. This scientist dedicated his whole life to research. 2. He dedicated his latest novel to his daughter.
||1. посвятить свое время кому-то / чему-то; 2. посвятить что-то кому-то, сделать что-то в честь кого-то|
|depart for (some place) - to leave for (some place)
||The train departs for Paris at 6 o'clock.
||отбыть в (какое-то место)|
|depart from (some place) - to leave (some place)
||The train departs from Rome at 6:30.
||отбыть из (какого-то места)|
|depend on someone / something - 1. to be conditioned by; 2. to rely on, to count on someone
||1. It depends on the weather. 2. You can always depend on him.
||1. зависеть от кого-то / чего-то; 2. положиться на кого-то|
|devote (life, time, energy) to someone / something - to spend much time on something
||This scientist devoted his whole life to research. He devotes his Sundays to children.
||посвятить (жизнь, время, энергию) кому-то / чему-то|
|disagree about / on something - to have different opinions
||They disagree about everything. They often disagree on the way children should be raised.
||не соглашаться (друг с другом) по каким-то вопросам|
|disagree with someone / something - to have a different opinion from someone else
||I disagree with you about it. I disagree with your plan.
||1. не соглашаться с кем-то / чем-то|
|do without something - to live without something
||We have to do without chocolate.
||обойтись без чего-то|
|drive at - to drive at a certain speed
||He was driving at 70 miles per hour when the accident happened.
||ехать с какой-то скоростью|
|drop out of school - to quit school
||He dropped out of school when he was 15.
||бросить школу, институт|
|equip someone / something with something - to provide with necessary things
||The kitchen is equipped with modern appliances. They equipped the expedition with tools and maps.
||оборудовать, снарядить, обеспечить чем-то|
|excuse someone for something - to forgive someone for something
||Please excuse me for being late. Excuse me for interrupting you, but could you give me a copy of the report?
||извинить кого-то за что-то|
|expect something from someone - to expect (good work, results, etc.)
||Don't expect good work from him, he is lazy and careless. I expected more from her.
||ожидать чего-то от кого-то|
|explain something to someone - to make clear
||Can you explain this task to the students?
||объяснить что-то кому-то|
|fall in love with someone or something - to begin to love
||They fell in love and got married. He fell in love with Mary. She fell in love with jazz music.
||влюбиться в кого-то или что-то|
|fall over something - to trip over something and fall
||He fell over a stair and hurt his knee.
||споткнуться о что-то и упасть|
|feel about - to have an opinion about
||How do you feel about his new plan?
||иметь мнение о чем-то|
|forget about someone / something
||Sorry, I forgot about your request.
||забыть о ком-то / чем-то|
|forgive someone for something
||Please forgive me for losing your book.
||простить кому-то что-то|
|get into something - to enter (place, state, etc.)
||Get into the car! She doesn't get into town often. He got into trouble.
||войти в (какое-то место, положение)|
|get off the bus, train, plane - to leave the bus, train, plane
||He got off the train at the River Station.
||сойти с автобуса, поезда, самолета|
|get on the bus, train, plane - to take a bus, train, plane
||He got on the bus on Maple Avenue.
||сесть на автобус, поезд, самолет|
|get out of (some place) - to exit
||Get out of the house! He got out of the car and walked to the bank.
||выйти наружу, выбраться из чего-то наружу|
|get over something - to recover from an illness or bad experience
||You'll get over it soon. I'm glad you got over your illness so quickly.
||преодолеть, оправиться после болезни или неприятности|
|get through something - to go through something
||The refrigerator won't get through this narrow door. I don't know how he got through college, he never studied.
||пройти сквозь / через что-то|
|get to (some place) - to reach (some place)
||We got to London at night.
||добраться до (какого-то места)|
|give something to someone - to present, to hand something to someone / something
||Give the book to Ann. She often gives to charity. Give my regards to your family. He gives all his time to work.
||дать, подарить, передать, вручить что-то кому-то / чему-то|
|go by - 1. to go past someone / something, pass by; 2. to travel using some transport
||1. She went by me without saying hello. 2. He always goes to work by train.
||1. пройти мимо кого-то / чего-то; 2. ездить каким-то транспортом|
|go down (the stairs, road, etc.) - 1. to descend; 2. to go along the street
||1. Go down the stairs and turn right. 2. He went down the street to the bank.
||1. спускаться (по ступенькам и т.д.); 2. идти вдоль по улице|
|go for something - to go and do something
||Let's go for a walk. Let's go for a drive.
||пойти делать что-то|
|go into something - 1. to enter; 2. to examine in detail
||1. He went into that building. 2. I can't go into your report now.
||1. войти; 2. детально изучить или обсудить|
|go over / through something - to review, to look through something
||Go over / through these chapters again.
||перечитать, просмотреть что-то|
|go through something - 1. to move through, pass through something; 2. to look through something
||1. The refrigerator won't go through this narrow door. She went through the park. He's gone through a lot of suffering. 2. Go through these chapters again.
||1. пройти сквозь что-то; 2. просмотреть что-то|
|go to (some place) - to reach, visit, travel to, attend (some place)
||Go to bed. Go to page 9. He went to the bank. He went to Rome last year. Her son goes to law school. I have to go to work now. Does this bus go to the center?
||пойти / посетить / поехать куда-то, в какое-то место|
|go up (the stairs, the hill, etc.) - to climb (the stairs, the hill, etc.)
||We went up the stairs to the third floor. Jack and Jill went up the hill.
||подниматься, взбираться по чему-то / на что-то|
|graduate from (school) - to finish school
||He graduated from college in 1997.
||окончить школу, институт|
|happen to someone
||What happened to Tom? He looks awful.
||случиться с кем-то|
|have something against someone - to have a reason to be against
||What do you have against my plan? He has a couple of things against you.
||иметь что-то против кого-то / чего-то|
|hear about someone / something - to learn about someone /something
||Have you heard about the accident?
||слышать о ком-то / чем-то|
|hear from someone - to have news from someone
||I haven't heard from him in years.
||иметь известия от кого-то|
|help someone with something - to assist someone with something
||What can I help you with? He helped me with my report /with my work.
||помочь кому-то с чем-то (в чем-то)|
|hint at something - to suggest something indirectly
||What are you hinting at? He hinted at this possibility.
||намекать на что-то|
|hint to someone - to suggest something indirectly to someone
||He hinted to me that he wanted to buy that house.
|inform someone about / of something - to tell someone about something
||He informed the committee about his decision to resign from his post.
||сообщить кому-то о чем-то|