|Verbs, with definitions
|knock out - to defeat, to cause to stop functioning
||The blow knocked him out. Her beauty knocked him out.
||сразить, поразить (букв. / фигур.)|
|lay off - 1. to reduce staff or dismiss workers temporarily; 2. (slang) to stop bothering someone
||1. The factory didn't make any profit last year, and many workers were laid off. 2. Lay off, dude, or I'll call the police!
||1. сокращать штат работников, временно увольнять; 2. (сленг) прекратить приставать к кому-то|
|leave out - to omit, exclude
||He left out several important facts in his report.
|let down - to fail someone
||You let me down last time, don't fail me again.
||подвести, не выполнить ожидаемое|
|let in - to allow to come in
||Please open the door and let me in.
|let out - to allow to get out
||Please open the door and let me out.
|lock up - to close using a lock
||He forgot to lock up the house before he left. The police caught the robber and locked him up.
||запереть что-то / кого-то; заключить в тюрьму|
|look around - to see what is around
||He came in and looked around. Can I help you? - No, thank you, I'm just looking around.
|look back - to turn back and look
||He looked back, but she was gone.
|look forward to something - to expect with eagerness
||I'm looking forward to your letter.
||ожидать с нетерпением|
|look out - to watch out, be careful
||Look out! There's a big dog right behind you! Look out! The bus is coming.
||остерегаться, быть осторожным|
|look up - 1. to direct the eyes upward; 2. to search for some information in a reference book
||1. He put aside his newspaper and looked up. 2. Look up this information in the encyclopedia. Look up the new words in the dictionary. Look them up.
||1. направить взгляд вверх; 2. искать какую-то информацию в справочнике|
|make up - 1. to compose, create (a story, plan, etc.); 2. to apply cosmetics; 3. to become friends again
||1. Make up a story about your summer vacation. 2. She made up her eyes and lips. Her face was made up heavily. 3. Tom and Liz had a terrible fight, but they made up yesterday.
||1. составить (рассказ, план и т.д.); 2. накладывать косметику; 3. помириться|
|move in - to begin to reside in some place
||Our new neighbors have just moved in.
||въехать (в квартиру, дом)|
|move out - to leave one's place of residence
||They moved out; I don't know their new address.
||выехать (из квартиры, дома)|
|move over - to move and give space
||Can you move over a little?
|pass away - to die
||He passed away several years ago.
|pass by - to go by, to pass
||Years pass by, people get older.
||идти, проходить (о времени)|
|pass out - to lose consciousness
||She passed out, call the ambulance.
|pay back - 1. to repay, return a debt; 2. to get even with someone
||1. He paid back all his debts. 2. You should pay him back for what he did to you.
||1. вернуть долг; 2. свести счеты, отплатить за плохое|
|pay off - 1. to repay a debt in full; 2. to bribe
||1. He paid off all his debts. 2. He was paid off to be silent.
||1. выплатить долг полностью; 2. дать взятку|
|pay up - to pay fully
||He must pay up, or we will take him to court. She hasn't paid up her bill.
|pick out - to select
||She picked out 2 scarves for her new coat.
|pick up - 1. to lift; 2. to collect someone /something by car
||1. He bent down and picked up a penny from the ground. 2. I'll pick you up at 7 o'clock.
||1. подобрать (поднять); 2. заехать за кем-то|
|point out - to draw attention to something
||I'd like to point out several important facts in this report.
||указать на, привлечь внимание к чему-то|
|pull in - to come to some place (about a train, bus, car)
||The bus pulled in at 3 o'clock and the passengers started to get off.
||подъехать (о поезде, автобусе, машине)|
|pull off - 1. to take off (boots, sweater, etc.); 2. to leave (about a train, bus, car)
||1. She pulled off her heavy boots and put on her slippers. 2. The bus pulled off a minute before I came to the bus stop.
||1. снять (стаскивая с себя); 2. отъехать (о поезде, автобусе, машине)|
|pull out - 1. to take out; 2. to leave (about a train, bus, car)
||1. He pulled out a knife and threatened to kill them. 2. The bus for Detroit pulled out at 4:30.
||1. вынуть, вытащить; 2. выехать (о поезде, автобусе, машине)|
|pull over - to drive to the side of the road and stop the car at the curb
||The traffic police officer ordered us to pull over. Pull over at the bank, please.
||свернуть на обочину и остановиться (о машине)|
|pull through - to survive
||I hope he will pull through.
|pull oneself together - to regain self-control
||Stop crying and pull yourself together.
||взять себя в руки|
|pull together - to work together as a team
||We will overcome the difficulties if we all work together.
||работать сообща, как одна команда|
|pull up - 1. to lift by pulling; 2. to stop (about a car)
||1. He pulled the rope up. He pulled up and got inside through the window. 2. I was standing at the curb when a car pulled up in front of me.
||1. тянуть вверх; подтягиваться; 2. остановиться (о машине)|
|push away - to move something / someone away from oneself
||She pushed away her plate and stood up. His words pushed her away.
||оттолкнуть что-то / кого-то (букв. / фигур.)|
|put aside - 1. to set aside; 2. to save; 3. to disregard something on purpose
||1. Put aside your newspaper and listen to me. 2. She's been putting aside a hundred dollars every month for her trip to Rome. 3. Let's put our differences aside and work out a plan that can save our company.
||1. отложить в сторону; 2. копить; 3. намеренно оставить что-то без внимания|
|put away - to remove, take away
||Your clothes are all over this place; can you put them away?
|put back - to return something to its place
||Put my calculator back after you use it.
||положить обратно (на место)|
|put down - 1. to lower something; 2. to write down
||1. Put your bag down. He put down the telephone receiver. 2. I put down the figures that she dictated.
||1. положить, опустить; 2. записать|
|put off - to postpone
||Don't put off till tomorrow what you can do today. Don't put it off.
||откладывать на более поздний срок|
|put on - 1. to dress; 2. to gain weight
||1. She put on her coat and went out. 2. He put on 10 kilos in half a year.
||1. надевать; 2. прибавить в весе|
|put out - to extinguish (fire, cigarette, light)
||Put out the light before you leave. Put out your cigarette, please.
||погасить, потушить (огонь, сигарету, свет)|
|put up with something - to tolerate something
||I'm not going to put up with his rudeness.
|run away - to escape (from)
||When he was 15, he ran away from home. His dog ran away.
|run out - 1. to get out; 2. to end (about time, supplies)
||1. The doors opened and people ran out. My coffee ran out and I had to make new coffee. 2. His contract runs out next year. Please hurry, our time is running out.
||1. выбежать (о людях, жидкости и др.); 2. закончиться, истечь (о сроке, времени, запасах)|
|run over - to knock down with a car
||The poor dog was run over by a speeding car.
|see you around
||Bye! See you around!
||Увидимся! / Пока.|
|see someone off - to go to the place of departure and say goodbye
||I went to the airport to see him off. I saw him off to the airport.
||проводить и попрощаться|
|set apart - 1. to reserve (money) for future use; 2. to be different from other things or people
||1. He set apart some money for his trip to Australia. 2. Her great sense of humor and quick wit set her apart from many other girls of her age.
||1. отложить (деньги) для использования в будущем; 2. выделять(ся), отличаться от других|
|set aside - 1. to put aside; 2. to reserve for someone; 3. to disregard something on purpose
||1. Set aside your newspaper and listen to me. 2. I asked the salesclerk to set aside this ring for me. 3. Let's set our differences aside and work out a plan that can save our company.
||1. отложить в сторону; 2. отложить что-то для кого-то; 3. намеренно оставить что-то без внимания|
|set back - to set the time to an earlier time
||When he arrived in New York, he set his watch back 8 hours.
||переводить часы назад|
|set forward - to set the time to a later time
||When she arrived in Moscow, she set her watch forward 2 hours.
||переводить часы вперед|
|set up - 1. to establish, arrange, organize, construct (a business, a company, an appointment, a record, etc.); 2. to maneuver and trick someone
||1. He set up this company 50 years ago. He set up an interview for her. He set up a tent in the woods and lived there in summer. He set up a record in marathon running. 2. He is innocent, he was set up by his competitors.
||1. учредить, устроить, организовать, установить (предприятие, компанию, встречу, рекорд и т.д.); 2. подставить кого-то|
|show off - to try to impress someone, to boast
||I think he invited us to show off his new house. He always shows off before the girls.
||выставлять напоказ, хвастаться (чем-то перед кем-то)|
|show up - to appear, arrive
||He showed up after 10 o'clock! I waited for an hour, but he didn't show up.
|shut down - 1. to close down; 2. to switch off electricity
||1. The plant was shut down recently and the workers lost their jobs. 2. They shut down the power again.
||1. закрыть предприятие (прекратить работу); 2. выключить электричество|
|shut up - 1. to lock, to be locked; 2. (rude) to close one's mouth
||1. The store was shut up for three days. 2. Now shut up and listen.
||1. запереть, быть под замком; 2. (грубо) закрыть рот, заткнуться|
|sit down - to take a seat
||Please come in and sit down.
|sit up - 1. to rise to a sitting position (from lying); 2. to stay up; 3. to sit upright
||1. She helped the old man to sit up in his bed. 2. I sat up late yesterday because I had to finish my report. 3. Sit up, don't slouch.
||1. принять сидячее положение (из лежачего); 2. не ложиться спать допоздна; 3. сидеть прямо, не горбясь|
|slip out - to slip outside (about objects, people, facts, secrets, etc.)
||The note probably slipped out when I dropped my bag. It was dark in the house and the robbers slipped out quietly. He didn't tell anyone about the accident, but this information slipped out somehow.
||выскользнуть наружу (о предметах, людях, фактах, секретах и т.д.)|
|slow down - to reduce the speed of something
||The car slowed down before the turn. You live like there's no tomorrow, you have to slow down.
||замедлить скорость, темп чего-то|
|speak up - 1. to speak louder; 2. to express one's opinion openly
||1. Please speak up, I can't hear you. 2. Many people are against it, but not many of them are ready to speak up.
||1. говорить громче; 2. открыто высказаться|
|stand back - to move back
||Stand back, people, this thing may be dangerous!
|stand by - 1. to stand near some place; 2. to wait, to be ready for some action
||1. I asked the man who was standing by what happened. 2. Please stand by, our operator will speak with you in a moment.
||1. стоять поблизости; 2. ожидать, быть наготове для какого-то действия|
|stand out - to be noticeable (about people, objects)
||The black letters stood out clearly on the light-blue background. He is the kind of man who stands out in any group of people.
||выделяться, быть заметным (о людях, предметах)|
|stand up - to rise
||He stood up to shake her hand.
||встать, подняться (на ноги)|
|start out - to begin a journey
||We started out early in the morning.
||отправиться в путь|
|stay away from someone / something - to keep away from someone / something
||She always tries to stay away from the crowds. Stay away from that guy, he is dangerous. Stay away from the river!
||держаться подальше от чего-то|
|stay up - not to go to bed till very late
||I stayed up late yesterday because I had to finish my report.
||не ложиться спать допоздна|
|stop by - to come by, drop by
||Can you stop by on your way home, I have something to tell you.
||зайти, заглянуть ненадолго|
|switch off - to turn off
||He washed his face and switched off the water. Switch off the light, please.
|switch on - to turn on
||He switched on the water and washed his face. Switch on the light, please.
|take back - to take, accept
||He took back his bicycle. She will never take him back after what he did. He took back his words and apologized.
||взять назад, принять обратно|
|take off - 1. to remove (clothes); 2. to lift off
||1. He took off his coat. 2. The plane took off at 7 o'clock.
||1. снять (одежду); 2. взлететь (о самолете)|
|take out - to take something out of something
||She took out her wallet. Please take out the garbage.
|take over - to take control
||When the boss is away, James takes over the company.
||принимать на себя руководство над чем-то|
|talk back to someone - to answer rudely
||Don't talk back to the teacher!
||возражать, дерзить кому-то|
|talk over - to discuss
||I talked it over with my family.
|tear down - to take down, to demolish
||That building was torn down last year.
|tear off - to tear from
||He tore off his jacket and jumped into the water. He tore off a piece of paper and wrote his telephone on it.
||сорвать (обертку, одежду), оторвать|
|tear out - to rip from
||I wonder why he tore out page 5. He tore out a piece of paper and wrote his telephone on it.
|tear up - to destroy by tearing into pieces
||She tore up his letter angrily.
|tell apart - to see the difference
||Can you tell the twins apart?
||различить, найти различие|
|think over - to consider carefully
||I thought over your plan. I thought it over.
|think up - to make up (a plan, idea, etc.)
||He thought up a clever plan how to become rich, but it didn't work.
||задумать, придумать (план, идею и т.д.)|
|throw out - to throw away, to get rid of
||Throw out the garbage, please. Why don't you throw out this junk?
|throw up - to vomit
||He had a fever, a runny nose, a sore throat, and he threw up several times.
||вырвать (т.е. рвота)|
|try on - to put on new clothes to see if they fit
||She tried on a black coat, but it didn't fit.
||примерить новую одежду|
|try out - to test
||I tried out the washing machine you recommended and liked it very much.
|turn around - to turn and face what's behind
||He turned around and faced the man who was running after him.
||He said hello to her, but she turned away as if she hadn't heard him.
|turn back - to turn and go back
||I turned back because I left my wallet. Everything is set, you can't turn back now.
||повернуть назад (букв. / фигур.)|
|turn down - to decline, to refuse
||She turned down his invitation to visit his house. He turned down their offer.
|turn off - to switch off
||He washed his face and turned off the water. Turn off the light, please.
|turn on - to switch on
||He turned on the water and washed his face. Turn on the light, please.
|turn out - to appear to be
||He turned out to be a friendly young man. He turned out to be a good actor.
||оказаться (кем-то, каким-то)|
|wake up - to awake
||He wakes up at 7 o'clock. Why did you wake me up so early?
|watch out - to look out, be careful
||Watch out! There's a big dog right behind you! Watch out! The bus is coming.
||остерегаться, быть осторожным|
|welcome back - to greet someone's return
||After 2 years of absence, we are happy to welcome back Lena Brown!
||приветствовать возвращение кого-то|
|work out - 1. to devise, invent (a plan, an idea); 2. to solve (a problem or difficulty); 3. to train at the gym
||1. We need to work out a plan how to save our friend. 2. Don't worry, everything will work out. Our plan worked out nicely. 3. He often works out at the gym.
||1. разработать, придумать (план, идею); 2. уладить, разрешить (проблему, трудность); 3. тренироваться в спортзале|
|write down - to put in writing
||Write down your task for tomorrow.
|write in - to add something into a written text
||Write in your name and address, please. Write in the latest data.
||вписать, вставить в текст|