|Verbs, with definitions
|ask someone out - to invite someone for a date
||John asked Liz out yesterday. They went to a French restaurant.
||пригласить на свидание||back out - to fail to keep a promise
||It is too late to back out now. If you back out, you'll have to pay a fine.
||уклониться от выполнения обещания
|back up - 1. to block the passage; 2. to support
||1. That accident backed up the traffic for hours. 2. She always backs him up.
||1. устраивать затор; 2. поддерживать|
|be around - to be nearby
||Don't go away, she is around somewhere.
|be away - to be out of town
||Tom is away on vacation.
||быть в отъезде|
|be back - to return
||He'll be back in two hours.
|be in - to be present
||Tom isn't in. Can you call back later?
||быть на месте, присутствовать|
|be off - 1. to be disconnected (about water, electricity); 2. to leave
||1. Yesterday electricity was off, and water was off, too. 2. I must be off now.
||1. отключить (воду, электричество); 2. отправляться, уходить|
|be on - 1. to be switched on; 2. to be shown on screen
||1. The light is on, she must be at home. 2. Let's watch TV. What's on?
||1. быть включенным; 2. показывать в кино, по ТВ|
|be out - to be not in
||He is out right now. He'll be back soon.
|be over - to end
||The day is not over yet. The war is over.
|be through with something - to finish doing something
||I'm through with doing this stupid work. I'm through with this book.
||закончить с чем-то|
|be up - 1. to rise; 2. to end (about time)
||1. He's not up yet. The prices are up. 2. Your time is up, hand in your tests.
||1. подниматься; 2. закончиться (о времени)|
|beat up - to beat something / someone
||Beat up the eggs. Those guys beat him up and he is in the hospital now.
|bend down - to stoop down
||She bent down to pick up a penny.
|bite off - to separate part of something by biting
||He bit off a piece of bread and started to chew.
|blow away - to be taken away by the wind
||I dropped the newspaper and the wind blew it away.
|blow up - to explode
||The gas pipe blew up and several people were hurt. The criminals threatened to blow up the building.
|break down - 1. to become broken; 2. to go to pieces
||1. My car broke down yesterday. 2. When she heard the news she broke down and cried.
||1. сломаться (о приборе, машине); 2. сильно расстроиться (о человеке)|
|break in - to enter by force
||The robbers broke in at night.
|break off - to separate by breaking
||She broke off a piece of chocolate. The handle of my umbrella broke off.
|break through - to advance, to achieve success
||The question was very difficult to solve, but finally we broke through.
||сделать прорыв, добиться успеха|
|break up - to finish a relationship
||Tom and Liz broke up last week.
|break up with someone - to finish a relationship with someone
||Tom broke up with Liz up last week.
||рассориться, разойтись с кем-то|
|bring along - to bring (with you) to some place
||There is a nice lake there, so bring along your swimsuit. You can bring a friend along, if you want.
||принести / привести с собой|
|bring back - 1. to return; 2. to recall, remember again
||1. Please bring back my book. 2. This music brings back old memories.
||1. принести обратно; 2. воскресить в памяти|
|bring up - 1. raise children; 2. introduce a new topic
||1. They brought up their children in Italy. 2. Max brought up that question, not I.
||1. воспитать детей; 2. поднять новую тему / вопрос|
|brush aside / off - to refuse to pay attention to something, to ignore
||I told him about that problem, but he brushed aside my warnings. They just brushed me off, that's all.
||отмахнуться от (замечаний, вопросов, человека)|
|brush up on something - to review, to improve something by studying
||She made quite a few mistakes on her test, so she needs to brush up on her spelling. Brush up on irregular verbs.
||освежать, улучшать знания по какой-то теме путем занятий|
|burn down - to burn to the ground
||The camp fire was burning down, so we put more wood into it. Several houses were burned down by the fire.
||догореть; сгореть полностью|
|burn out - 1. to burn completely; 2. to stop functioning (literally / figuratively)
||1. Several houses were burned out by the fire. 2. The light bulb in the kitchen is burned out, please replace it. After years of hard work he burned himself out.
||1. выгореть, сгореть полностью, прекратить горение; 2. перегореть (букв. / фигур.)|
|call back - to return a telephone call
||I called him at 6, but he wasn't in. He called me back at 7.
|call in - to invite a specialist for consultation and help
||We called in an interior designer to help us with redecorating.
||вызвать специалиста для консультации и помощи|
|call off - to cancel, to stop something from happening
||He called off his dogs and let me in. The open-air concert was called off because of rain. The police decided to call off the search for the missing man.
|call up - to telephone, to call by phone
||I called up a friend and we went to a movie.
|calm down - to relax, stop worrying
||Calm down! Everything will be all right.
|carry out - to fulfill, to complete
||He needs to do a lot of things to carry out his plan.
||выполнить, довести до конца|
|catch up with someone - to reach the same level or position as somebody ahead
||She was too fast, I couldn't catch up with her. He has to study harder to catch up with the other students.
||догнать, сравняться с кем-то|
|check in - to register (in the hotel at arrival, at the airport for the flight, etc.)
||He reserved a room in advance and checked in quickly. She went to the airport, checked in (for her flight) and went to a cafe for a cup of coffee and a sandwich.
||регистрироваться (в гостинице при вселении, на рейс в аэропорту и т.д.)|
|check off - to mark an item on a list (usually with a check)
||Check my name off the list.
||отметить пункт в списке (обычно птичкой)|
|check out - to pay the bill and leave (the hotel)
||He checked out at noon.
||оплатить счет и выписаться (из гостиницы)|
|chop down (a tree) - to cut down (a tree)
||First, they chopped down the tree.
|chop off - to cut off
||Then they chopped off the branches.
|chop up - to cut up, to cut into pieces
||Finally, they chopped up the trunk of the tree.
||порубить на части|
|clean out - to clear out
||You promised to clean out the closet.
|clear away / off - 1. to remove objects for more space; 2. to disappear (about the fog, smoke)
||1. After dinner my daughter helped me to clear off the table. 2. The clouds cleared away. The fog is clearing off.
||1. расчистить, убрать; 2. рассеяться, проясниться (о тумане, дыме)|
|clear out - to clean out
||You promised to clear out the closet.
|clear up - 1. to become brighter (about the weather); 2. to clean, to tidy up; 3. to make clear, to explain
||1. The weather is clearing up. 2. We need to clear up the living room. 3. I really want to clear up this mystery. Let me clear it up.
||1. проясниться (о погоде); 2. прибрать, привести в порядок; 3. выяснить, прояснить|
|close down - to shut down
||The plant was closed down recently and the workers lost their jobs.
||закрыть предприятие (прекратить работу)|
|come along - to join someone
||I'm going to the park. Would you like to come along?
||присоединиться к кому-то|
|come back - to return
||We were away on vacation. We came back yesterday.
|come by - to drop in / drop by
||Come by one of these days.
||заглянуть в гости|
|come down with (some illness) - to become ill
||I can't come to your party, I'm coming down with a cold.
||заболеть чем-то, слечь в постель|
|come in - to enter
||Please come in and take a seat.
||Come on, let's go, we're already late!
||Давай! / Пошли!|
|come out - to go out
||The door opened and Jim came out.
|come over - to visit informally
||Can you come over for dinner on Friday?
||зайти, заглянуть к кому-то (неофициально)|
|come up to someone - to come closer to someone
||He came up to me and asked my name.
||подойти к кому-то|
|count in - to include
||Who wants to go to the lake on Sunday? - I do, count me in.
||включить в список|
|count out - to exclude
||Tom is sick, so count him out.
||исключить из списка|
|cross out - to remove from a written text
||He crossed out these words.
|cut down - 1. to chop down (a tree); 2. to reduce
||1. Why do they cut down so many trees? 2. We need to cut down our expenses.
||1. срубить (дерево); 2. сокращать, урезать|
|cut down on something - to reduce something (out of necessity)
||We spend too much, we really need to cut down on our expenses. The doctor advised her to cut down on chocolate and cake.
||сократить, урезать (из-за необходимости)|
|cut off - 1. to chop off; 2. to disconnect (electricity, water, telephone)
||1. He cut off the end of the rope. 2. My telephone connection was cut off.
||1. отрезать (часть); 2. прервать, отключить (электричество, воду, телефон)|
|cut out - to remove
||He cuts out newspaper articles and sticks them to the wall. The doctor told her to cut out fat food. Cut out this paragraph, the report will be better without it.
||вырезать, убрать, исключить|
|do over - to do again
||Your report isn't good. You have to do it over.
||сделать заново, переделать|
|drop by / drop in - to visit informally
||How nice of you to drop by! I've just dropped in to say I'm going away.
||заглянуть в гости, заскочить к кому-то|
|drop someone off at some place - to let someone out of the car at some place
||He dropped me off at the bank.
||высадить кого-то у какого-то места|
|drop out - to quit school
||He doesn't go to school, he dropped out last year.
||бросить школу, институт (быть отчисленным)|
|fall apart - to fall to pieces, to fail, to drift apart
||My shoes are falling apart. His business is falling apart. Her marriage is falling apart. Sometimes good friends fall apart.
||разваливаться на части, распадаться, расходиться|
|fall down - to fall
||He fell down and hurt his leg.
|figure out - to find an answer, to understand
||I can't figure out how much I owe them. I can't figure out where all the money has gone.
||вычислить, разобраться, понять|
|fill in - to write in
||Fill in your name and address, please. Fill in this line, please.
||вписать (в графу анкеты), заполнить строку (в анкете)|
|fill out - to complete a form
||Fill out this form, please.
||заполнить бланк, анкету (полностью)|
|fill up - to make full
||He filled up my glass with red wine. The gas tank is almost empty, we need to fill it up at the nearest gas station.
||наполнять, заполнять полностью|
|find out - to discover
||I found out that he lied to me.
|get along - to get on, to make progress
||How are you getting along? Is your book getting along?
|get along with someone - to be on good terms with someone
||Is Mary getting along with her roommate? Jim and Liz don't get along with each other.
||ладить, уживаться с кем-то|
|get away - 1. to escape; 2. to have a holiday away from home
||1. The guard forgot to lock the door and the thieves got away. 2. We need rest. Let's get away just for one day.
||1. уйти, сбежать, удрать; 2. оторваться от дел и уехать отдыхать|
|get back - to come back
||We were away on vacation and got back yesterday. Get back to work.
||вернуться (обратно, к кому-то / чему-то)|
|get in - to get inside
||How did he get in? He got in through the window.
||войти, проникнуть внутрь|
|get on - to get along, to make progress
||How are you getting on? Is your book getting on?
|get out - to get outside
||Please help me, I can't get out!
||выйти, выбраться наружу|
|get up - to rise
||He gets up at 8 o'clock.
|give back - to return something
||He gave back the money he owed.
|give in - to yield, to surrender
||Don't give in without a fight.
|give up - to stop doing or trying to do something
||She gave up smoking a year ago. Don't give up! Keep trying!
||отказаться от продолжения или попыток делать что-то|
|go away - to leave
||Don't go away, please wait here.
|go back - to return to (some place, state, etc.)
||He went back to his hometown. Go back 3 pages. Go back to sleep.
||вернуться (к какому-то месту, состоянию и т.д.)|
|go by - to pass (about time)
||Years go by, people get older.
||идти, проходить (о времени)|
|go down - to become lower
||The prices never go down. His temperature is going down.
|go off - 1. to give a sudden loud sound (about an alarm clock, car alarm, etc.); 2. to be switched off (about light, electricity)
||1. The alarm clock went off at 6 o'clock. 2. The power went off again yesterday.
||1. сработать (о будильнике, сигнализации и т.д.); 2. отключиться (о свете, электричестве)|
|go on - to continue
||Go on reading. Please go on.
||продолжать (делать что-то)|
|go out - to go outside; to go outside for entertainment
||He went out to get a newspaper. Jim and Mary went out yesterday, they went to a restaurant. They don't go out often.
||выйти наружу; выйти в город, посетить места развлечений (кино, театр, ресторан и др.)|
|go up - to rise
||The prices went up last month. His temperature is going up.
|grow up - to become a grown-up
||He grew up in New York. When will you grow up?
|hang up - 1. to place something on a hook; 2. to put down a telephone receiver
||1. You can hang up your coat on this coat rack. 2. He ended the conversation and hung up.
||1. повесить что-то на крючок, вешалку; 2. повесить трубку|
|hold on - 1. to continue holding firmly; 2. to wait; to wait on the telephone
||1. Catch the rope and hold on! 2. Hold on, I forgot my key. Hold on, I'll check if Mr. Smith is in.
||1. продолжать крепко держать(ся); 2. остановиться; ждать, не вешать трубку|
|hold up - 1. to delay someone; 2. to perform armed robbery
||1. I'm sorry I'm late. I was held up in traffic. 2. This bank was held up twice last year. They held him up and almost killed him.
||1. задержать кого-то; 2. совершить вооруженное ограбление|
|keep down - to prevent from rising, keep at a lower level
||Can the government keep the prices down? Can you keep the noise down?
||удержать от повышения, сделать ниже|
|keep on - to go on doing something
||Keep on working. She kept on thinking about the problem.
||продолжать делать что-то|
|keep out - not to enter
||Private property! Keep out!
|knock down / knock over - to make someone / something fall down
||He accidentally knocked over a vase. He knocked down the man who attacked him.
||сбить (с ног), опрокинуть|